Degrees of Freedom.

These results indicate that the differences are probably an actual reflection
June 19, 2019
Provide a rationale for your answer.
June 19, 2019

Relevant Study Results

In the Darling-Fisher et al. (2014, p. 220) mixed-methods study, the participants (N = 201) were “providers from 26 U.S. states and three foreign countries (Canada, Korea, and Ireland).” More than half of the participants (n = 111; 55%) reported they were using the RAAPS in their clinical practices. “When asked if they would recommend the RAAPS to other providers, 86 responded, and 98% (n = 84) stated they would recommend RAAPS. The two most common reasons cited for their recommendation were for screening (n = 76, 92%) and identification of risk behaviors (n = 75, 90%). Improved communication (n = 52, 63%) and improved documentation (n = 46, 55%) and increased patient understanding of their risk behaviors (n = 48, 58%) were also cited by respondents as reasons to recommend the RAAPS” (Darling-Fisher et al., 2014, p. 222).

193

“Respondents who were not using the RAAPS (n = 90; 45%), had a variety of reasons for not using it. Most reasons were related to constraints of their health system or practice site; other reasons were satisfaction with their current method of assessment . . . and that they were interested in the RAAPS for academic or research purposes rather than clinical use” (Darling-Fisher et al., 2014, p. 220).

Chi-square analysis was calculated to determine if any statistically significant differences existed between the characteristics of the RAAPS users and nonusers. Darling-Fisher et al. (2014) did not provide a level of significance or α for their study, but the standard for nursing studies is α = 0.05. “Statistically significant differences were noted between RAAPS users and nonusers with respect to provider types, practice setting, percent of adolescent patients, years in practice, and practice region. No statistically significant demographic differences were found between RAAPS users and nonusers with respect to race, age” (Darling-Fisher et al., 2014, p. 221). The χ2 results are presented in Table 2.

TABLE 2

DEMOGRAPHIC COMPARISONS BETWEEN RAPID ASSESSMENT FOR ADOLESCENT PREVENTIVE SERVICE USERS AND NONUSERS

Current user Yes (%) No (%) χ2 p
Provider type (n = 161) 12.7652, df = 2 < .00
 Health care provider 64 (75.3) 55 (72.4)
 Mental health provider 13 (15.3) 2 (2.6)
 Other 8 (9.4) 19 (25.0)
Practice setting (n = 152) 12.7652, df = 1 < .00
 Outpatient health clinic 20 (24.1) 36 (52.2)
 School-based health clinic 63 (75.9) 33 (47.8)
% Adolescent patients (n = 154) 7.3780, df = 1 .01
 ≤50% 26 (30.6) 36 (52.2)
 >50% 59 (69.4) 33 (47.8)
Years in practice (n = 157) 6.2597, df = 1 .01
 ≤5 years 44 (51.8) 23 (31.9)
 >5 years 41 (48.2) 49 (68.1)
U.S. practice region (n = 151) 29.68, df = 3 < .00
 Northeastern United States 13 (15.3) 15 (22.7)
 Southern United States 11 (12.9) 22 (33.3)
 Midwestern United States 57 (67.1) 16 (24.2)
 Western United States 4 (4.7) 13 (19.7)
Race (n = 201) 1.2865, df = 2 .53
 Black/African American 11 (9.9) 5 (5.6)
 White/Caucasian 66 (59.5) 56 (62.2)
 Other 34 (30.6) 29 (32.2)
Provider age in years (n = 145) 4.00, df = 2 .14
 20–39 years 21 (25.6) 8 (12.7)
 40–49 years 24 (29.3) 19 (30.2)
 50+ years 37 (45.1) 36 (57.1)

image

χ2, Chi-square statistic.

df, degrees of freedom.

Darling-Fisher, C. S., Salerno, J., Dahlem, C. H. Y., & Martyn, K. K. (2014). The Rapid Assessment for Adolescent Preventive Services (RAAPS): Providers’ assessment of its usefulness in their clinical practice settings. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 28(3), p. 221.

194
 

"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!"

Comments are closed.

Loading...
error: Content is protected !!
WhatsApp Chat with us on WhatsApp