A 25-year-old female is diagnosed with urinary tract obstruction. While planning care, the nurse realizes that the patient is expected to have hydronephrosis and a decreased glomerular filtration rate caused by:
a. decreased renal blood flow.
b. decreased peritubular capillary pressure.
c. dilation of the renal pelvis and calyces proximal to a blockage.
d. stimulation of antidiuretic hormone.
a. poststreptococcal infection
c. nephrotic syndrome
d. potter syndrome
A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with renal failure. While the nurse is reviewing lab results, which of the following lab values would be most consistent with this diagnosis?
a. Elevated plasma creatinine level
b. Decreased plasma potassium level
c. Metabolic alkalosis
d. Increased urea clearance
While planning care for a patient with renal calculi, the nurse remembers the most important factor in renal calculus formation is:
a. urine pH.
b. body temperature.
d. serum mineral concentrations.
A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:
b. chronic pyelonephritis.
c. acute glomerulonephritis.
d. renal calculi.
a. vesicoureteral reflux and pyelonephritis
b. formation of renal calculi
d. increased bladder compliance