Lab Report GuidelinesCommunication is necessary to disseminate information. In this regard, beyond talking witheach other, scientists report on their work by writing articles on their findings and publishthem in journals that other scientists read. The main idea a scientific article is to conveyscientific findingsthat usually emerge from a hypothesis driven experiment(s).The structure or format of these scientific articles is nearly universal irrespective of the length of the article. The formatis a convention that guides the author as well as the reader. At its most basic, theformat guides one through the process telling a story. The format for theLab Report on the activity of enzymes will resemble that of a scientificjournal article with some modifications. The Lab Report will have aTitle, anIntroduction, a Methods and Materials,a Results,a Discussion/Conclusionand anAppendixsectioN.Each section istyped in bold and start on a new page. An Abstract summarizing the articleis not required although they areubiquitousin scientificjournalarticles. ReferencesandAcknowledgments (for help received and collaborations)are not required, butmaybeincluded. Each section is unique, different fromeach other, buttheyrely on each other toconveythe story. TheIntroductiondescribesthereason for the article. Include enoughbackground material togain the readers interest, much like all good story telling does. For our purposes, limit the discussion of enzymes to the material presented inclass lectures andin the textbook. There is no need to look for additional information on enzymes unless you are so driven, but be warned, the amount of information is overwhelming. At the end of the Introduction, list thehypotheses for all parts or experiments inthe study. The Methods and Materialsdescribes all the steps taken to perform the experiments. Thepurpose of this section is to allow someone else to replicate your work. Therefore, allchemicals or reagents, their concentration, how they were mixed together and theinstrumentation used must be noted. There is no need to explain how an instrument worksunless it is a newly developed one. For instance, one can assume that the reader knows howto operate a spectrophotometer. This section is the near equivalent of a cook book to a chef.If there are five experiments, then provide instructions for replicating all five experiments.The Results sectioncontains the study data only.Present the raw data and any transformation of the raw data.Figures and tablesare ideal for presenting the data becausepictures convey information more easily than words. Label all figures, tables and images with a title, a very brief description of the data, and an explanation ofspecific components of the image that importantfor interpreting the data. Introduce each figure or table in the text. Presenting a figure or table withoutany text is a serious mistake–you are asking the reader to read your mind and intentions. Avoid the temptationofexplaining the data in this section–this comes later in the Discussion/Conclusion section. However, you may explain that one or two points in the data were omitted in a figure or table due to some mishap during the datacollection-this is perfectly acceptable. Remember, the focus of this section is the data, and only the data. The Discussion/Conclusionsectionis where you interpret your findings and results.First, restate the goals of the study. Second, interpret that data by considering whether the data from the experiments support your hypotheses stated in the Introduction. Third,synthesize all the data or observations in thestudy. Do the results fit what you know about enzymes and what you expected? The datamake sense with your knowledge and expectations. Discuss whether it does or does not. Fourth,discuss how future work may address any weaknessesin the experiments performed,and suggest possible studies that will build on the knowledgegained from these studies.Lastly, make a final conclusion about the observations in your lab and how they fit the topic. A Reference section is included if you wish to cite any literature such as your textbook, the lab or any other source material.It is not required for this assignment.An Acknowledgementsection is included if you wish tothank anyone who provided you some unique reagents,or help in the writing of the text.It is not required for this assignment.There are questions in the lab manual after each experiment. You must address thesewithin the appropriate section of theLab Report. Figure out where the answer to each question fits inthe Lab Report format discussed above before you start writing. The Lab Report shouldbe a minimum of 8typed pages of text(excludingfigures, tables, illustrations, or other images), double spaced,and 10pt.–12 pt.font. The Introduction (min. 1.page of text),Methods and Materials(min. 4page of text), Results (min. 1.5page of text)and Discussion/Conclusion(min. 1 page of text).For this particular assignment, place all figures, tables, illustrations, and imagesat the end of the paper and callthis section theAppendix.The length of the Appendix does not count towards the length of the Lab Report.Warning: Do not plagiarize! This is a serious offense. Do not copy-and-paste from any source including a classmate’s Lab Report. Thepenalty is a score of zero points (0 points).