Students will be required to submit five written assignments in a WORD or pdf document, each3 pages long, single-spaced, font 12, Times New Roman.A fourth page should list the references cited in the essay. I prefer you send a WORD document.Each essay will focus on material developed in the presentation of one module of the course.Each essay must be submitted before the Tuesday following the completion of each module.Your first essay is due April 14.Grammar, spelling and attribution (explicit reference to a literature source, includingjournal title, volume #, complete pagination, and contributing authors), are all consideredin the evaluation because the quality of your writing will affect how convincingly you presentthe material and because effective writing is expected in the “real world”.Each three-page essay should devote about 1/3 to the underlying chemistry (as developedin the lectures and suggested readings), ( about) 1/3 to present applications, and (about) 1/3 tosuggest how the situation may change in the future, adding any personal views or insights(as appropriate).As noted in the mechanics of the course, the five essays replace HW assignments, quizzes, a midtermexam and the final. Grades on your five personalized essays form the basis for your final grad in thecourse. What am I looking for? I am giving you the opportunity to do research on a topic of your choosing.You will need to track down relevant sources to support your discussion of the essential Chemistry.The first 1/3, should focus on what is already known and been reported/published.The second 1/3 should focus on present applications. What is the atom/molecule/process being usedfor today. Put simply, what are the business/market implications? By any measure, the chemicalindustry is the largest World-wide. Almost every product you use in everyday life or consume atbreakfast/lunch/dinner is a product produced by the chemical industry. Materials to construct buildingsand bridges, fabricate plastics and drugs, airplanes and space ships , … and now ventilators, are producedindustrially from “chemicals” found in Nature. And, of course, the fuels used in cars and to heatyour home all derive from chemical substances processed in refineries. It is this relevance that Iask you to discuss.The third section should then focus on what might be the future for the atom/molecule/processyou choose to discuss. This section is usually the one that separates the women from the girls. Thisis because you will have to do some digging,” checking the business section of the Wall StreetJournal, the New York Times, Bloomberg, …. for educated projections.What it comes down to is that the time you would have spent on HW assignments, quizzes,a midterm and a final is now channeled into a research paper, each on a topic of your choice,something in the Lectures in each module that you found interesting.Now, a word or two about the two example essays attached. I have purposely chosen two essayscentered on topics covered in the first four lectures of the course, written by former students. Thetext of each is good, but two things were missed or omitted that I believe are relevant.First, the metals they focused on have crystal structures, and these could have been included.Second, when I ask for reference, I do NOT mean citing a Wikipedia site. Rather, if you go toa Wikipedia site and find a point you wish to discuss in your essay, the Wikipedia site will give youthe literature reference, which is what you should track down, read and cite.problems for previous paper:CHEMISTRY SECTION1. Your essay contains passages that were (apparently) transferred directly fromprimary sources. Citing a reference on which the material is based is not sufficient.After identifying a primary source, you should make the effort to express the pointsmade in your own words.2. In suggesting that you write an essay on any element, molecule or process(chemical reaction) discussed in the four Lectures, I did not mean that youshould write a comprehensive review article on an entire field. Rather, I wantyou to focus on a specific example of an element, molecule or process(chemical reaction) that interests you.3. In choosing a particular atom or molecule, a graphic showing the atomic/molecular structureand crystal structure should be displayed in your essay.In choosing to discuss a particular process (class of chemical reactions) the relevantchemical equations for your chosen topic should be displayed.PRESENT APPLICATIONS1. A few sentences on the range of applications is appropriate. But once done, you shouldfocus on one or more specific applications . 2. Concrete estimates of usage can be obtained from any number of sources and should bedocumented by financial data and, if available, graphical data.FUTURE APPLICATIONS1. Once you have chosen a particular element, molecule or chemical process, tracking downthe website of the chemical company and/or industrial firm that uses your element, moleculeor process will (almost always) forecast it future use.2. It may well be that your choice of topic is one that is of particular interest to you. I encourageyou to present personal reflections on the topic.FORMATTING MATTERS1. Your essay should be three pages in length, with a fourth page listing primary sources.On any given subject, volumes can be written. The intent here is to condense the sourcematerial you read into the absolute essentials. Think of this as constructing for eachsection a one-page CV, keeping in mind that employers only pay attention to the firstpage of a CV. 2. Send your essay as a WORD document, Times New Roman, Font 12, single spaced.Your first essay was on Metals, Metalloids and Non-Metals. I have reviewed this essay.With respect to the points I stressed when I sent you your grade on Essay #1, you addresseda number of these. Continued emphasis on all the points I raised will be helpful in improvingyour next essay.