Suppose you’re working at a company, and your boss asks you to explain what wentwrong in a recent hiring decision. The company decided to interview two candidatesfor a single job. Let’s call the two candidates A and B. A hiring committee was formedto attend the interviews and decide which of the two candidates to hire. Everyone onthe committee was interested in making the best possible hire, but after the interviewit was clear that members of the committee had different ideas about which of the twocandidates was the best choice. When the committee met to make the final decisionthey decided to go around the room and ask each person on the committee to announcewhich of the two candidates they believed to be the best choice for the company. Infact, everyone on the committee said that candidate A seemed to be the best choice,so the offer was made immediately to candidate A without additional discussion.Now that candidate A has worked for the firm for a while it is clear that candidate Bwould have been a better choice.(a) Your boss has asked you to explain how the committee members could haveunanimously supported candidate A when she was reasonably certain that beforethe committee meeting at least some of the members of the committee thoughtthat B was probably the best choice. What can you tell her?(b) Can you suggest another procedure that the committee could have used that wouldhave revealed the initially differing opinions about the candidates and which mighthave resulted in the actually better choice of candidate B?