the nurse will call this condition:

A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with chronic renal failure, and the nurse is discussing dietary treatment. Which information indicates the nurse understands dietary regimen? Treatment includes restricting:

a. Fats
b. Complex carbohydrates
c. Proteins
d. Sugars

Question 26

When a newborn is admitted with urinary tract infections (UTIs), which type of infection will the nurse look for in the newborn?

a. blood-borne infections
b. infections caused by bacteria from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract
c. yeast infections
d. viral infections

Question 27

A nurse is reviewing urinalysis results and notices glucose is present in the urine. A nurse realizes glucose will be excreted in the urine when:

a. The maximum rate of glucose filtration is achieved
b. The carrier molecules have reached their maximum
c. Glucose is consumed
d. The ability of the kidneys to regulate blood glucose is lost

Question 28

A 42-year-old male is involved in a motor vehicle accident during which he loses a lot of blood. The nurse realizes he is in acute renal failure caused by:

a. kidney stones
b. immune complex deposition in the glomerulus
c. inadequate renal blood flow
d. obstruction of the proximal tubule

Question 29

On average the kidneys receive approximately _____ of the cardiac output.

a. 10-14%
b. 15-19%
c. 20-25%
d. 26-35%

Question 30

When a nurse is checking the urinalysis, plasma proteins should be absent from the urine because:

a. all filtered proteins are subsequently reab-sorbed.
b. the texture of the covering surrounding plasma proteins interferes with reabsorp-tion.
c. filtered proteins are subsequently degrad-ed before elimination.
d. the negative charge of the glomerular fil-tration membrane repels the plasma pro-teins.

Question 31

A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development, and feeding problems.Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will call this condition:

a. vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)
b. vesicourethral reflux
c. vesicoureteral influx
d. hydronephrosis

Question 32

A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded:

a. I
b. II
c. III
d. IV


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