Section 5301 Training in family medicine, general internal medicine, general pediatrics, and physician assistantship—Establishes a grant program for hospitals, medical schools, academically and affiliated PA training programs to develop and operate accredited training programs for the provision of primary care. Section 5302 Training opportunities for direct care workers—Establishes a 3-year grant program under which an institution of higher education can subsidize the training of individuals at that institution who are willing to serve as direct care workers in a long-term or chronic care setting for at least two years after completion of their training. Section 5305 Geriatric education and training; career awards; comprehensive geriatric education—Authorizes HHS to award grants to advanced practice nurses who are pursuing a doctorate or other advanced degree in geriatrics and who, as a condition of accepting a grant, will agree to teach or practice in the field of geriatrics, long-term care, or chronic care management for a minimum of 5 years. Section 5309 Nurse education, practice, and retention grants—Adds 2 new grant programs specifically focused on nurse retention. One will authorize HHS to award grants to accredited nursing schools or health facilities to promote career advancement among nurses. The 2nd will permit HHS to make awards to nursing schools or health facilities that can demonstrate enhanced collaboration and communication among nurses and other health care professionals. Priority directed towards applicants that have not previously received an award. Section 5310 Loan repayment and scholarship program—Expands Nurse Loan Repayment and Scholarship Programs to provide loan repayment for students who serve for at least two years as a faculty member at an accredited nursing school. Section 5311 Nurse faculty loan program—Increases the Nurse Faculty Loan Program amounts from $30,000 to $35,000 in FY 2010 and FY 2011, declares that the amount of these loans will thereafter be adjusted to provide for cost-of-attendance increases for yearly loan rates and the aggregate loan. Creates new authority to permit HHS to enter into an agreement with individuals who hold unencumbered RNs and who have already completed, or are currently enrolled in, a master’s or doctorate training program for nursing. HHS will provide up to $10,000/year to master’s recipients and $20,000/year to those who earn a doctorate so long as these individuals spend at least 4 years out of a 6 year period as a full-time faculty member at an accredited nursing school.