6. Which of these statements would be considered to be exclusion criterion specifically identified by the author for the sample in the research article?
a. The exclusion criteria were explained verbally during recruitment.
b. History of depression/ mental health issue.
c. Report of no stress related problems by the participant.
d. Participants only worked on the night shift.
7. What is the refusal rate for this study? (Hint: see page 253 in your text)
a. 161/200 X 100% = 80%
b. 84/159 X 100% = 53%
c. unknown / cannot be calculated.
d. 39/200 x 100% = 19.5%
8. Which of the following would be accurate for the attrition rate for this study?
a. 161/200 X 100% = 80%
b. 39/200 X 100% = 20%
c. 84/159 X 100% = 53%
9. What was the setting for this research study? Briefly describe the setting and indicate whether it was appropriate for conducting this study.
a. The setting for this study was a partially controlled setting and was appropriate for this study’s research design.
b. The setting for this study was not well described by the authors and therefore not appropriate for
conducting this study.
c. The setting for this study was a highly controlled setting and was appropriate for this study’s research design.
d. The setting for this study was a natural or field setting and was appropriate for this study’s research design.
Question 10 – 14: Measurement Methods. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 10 & 12.)
10. Which ones of these questionnaires, scales, or physiologic measures is used in this research study?
(Select all that apply).
a. The Ways of Coping Questionaire (WAYS)
b. The Nursing Stress Scale (NSS)
c. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)
d. The Quality of Life Scale (QOLS)
11. How do the authors describe the reliability of the Nursing Stress Scale (NSS) in previous studies?
a. Two follow-up emails were sent to potential participants.
b. they compared the odd and even questions on the test to determine their equivalence.
c. a team of staff nurses was trained by the primary investigator to administer the questionnaire.
d. they tested a group of subjects twice using the same questionnaire (test-retest reliability).
e. they computed a Cronbach’s alpha on the Nurse Stress Scale that was administered to this group of subjects.
12. How do the authors describe the validity of The Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WAYS).
a. discriminant validity demonstrated that each subscale measured the same constructs.
b. evidence of validity from contrasting groups because they gave it to spouses of MS nurses.
c. no was no mention of determining the validity of WAYS questionnaire.
d. The authors had experience with administering this questionnaire.
13. What types of questionnaires or surveys were used in this research study? (Select all that apply.)
a. The authors developed the Professional Quality of Life Scale.
b. Interviews were reportedly used, but the authors do not explain what was included in them.
c. The authors developed their own questions to ask about demographic information.
d. The authors report adding a few of their own questions at the end of the demographic questionnaire.
e. This study did not use any questionnaires or surveys.
f. The authors used previously developed questionnaires or surveys to measure the study
14. Were any physiological measurements collected from the subjects for the purpose of this study?
Question 15- 16: Data Collection. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 10 & 12)
15. Which one of the following best describes the data collection process used in this study?
a. questionnaires / surveys were completed via the telephone.
b. participants were given the questionnaires on enrollment in the study and asked to drop the sealed envelope in a locked box at the nurse’s station.
c. questionnaires / surveys were mailed to the prospective participants and returned in a self-
addressed stamped envelope.
d. nurse researchers interviewed the study participants in a focus group.
16. If there were more than one data collector for the study, would an estimation of inter-rater reliability be an important concept for the authors to report on for this study?
a. yes, and the authors reported their efforts to achieve inter-rater reliability.
b. yes, but the authors do not discuss any efforts to achieve inter-rater reliability.
c. no, the issue of inter-rater reliability does not apply here.
Question 17 – 19: Data Analysis. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 11 & 12)
17. What descriptive statistics are used in this study? (Select all that apply).
d. standard deviation
f. percentage distributions