A 35-year-old hypertensive male begins taking a diuretic.Which of the following common side effects of this medication should the nurse monitor?
c. Increased uric acid secretion
A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney obstruction leading to removal of the affected kidney. Which of the following would the nurse expect to occur?
a. atrophy of the remaining kidney
b. compensatory hypertrophy of the remaining kidney
c. dysplasia in the remaining kidney
d. renal failure
When a child is admitted with acute renal failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute renal failure is:
c. nephrotic syndrome.
d. hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS).
A 7-year-old male presents to his primary care provider for incontinence. His mother indicates that he has never been continent. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
a. Nocturnal enuresis
b. Diurnal enuresis
c. Primary enuresis
d. Secondary enuresis
While turning a patient with chronic renal failure, which principle should the nurse recall? Bone fractures are a risk factor in chronic renal failure because:
a. calcium is lost in the urine
b. osteoblast activity is excessive
c. the kidneys fail to activate vitamin D
d. autoantibodies to calcium molecules develop
A 56-year-old male presents with flank pain and polyuria.Tests reveal that he has an enlarged prostate. Which of the following types of renal failure should the nurse monitor for as it is the most likely to occur?
A 15-year-old male was diagnosed with pharyngitis. Eight days later he developed acute glomerulonephritis. While reviewing the culture results, which of the following is the most likely cause of this disease?
b. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
c. genital herpes virus
d. group A B-hemolytic streptococcus
A 29-year-old female presents with cloudy urine, flank pain, hematuria, and fever. Which of the following does the nurse suspect the patient is most likely experiencing?
a. acute cystitis
b. renal calculi
c. chronic renal failure
d. postrenal renal failure