When a nurse is preparing to teach about urine, which information should the nurse include? Just before entering the ureter, urine passes through the:
a. Collecting duct
b. Renal pelvis
d. Major calyx
When a patient’s renal system secretes rennin, what effect will that cause in the body? It causes the direct activation of:
a. Angiotensin I
b. Angiotensin II
c. Antidiuretic hormone
Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure because of:
a. Blood loss via the urine
b. Renal insensitivity to vitamin D
c. Inadequate production of erythropoietin
d. Inadequate retention of serum iron
A 4-year-old male is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome.Which of the following assessment findings accompanies this condition?
b. Decreased blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
d. Sodium loss
A 19-year-old female was involved in a motor vehicle accident during which she sustained a closed head injury. She is now experiencing detrusor sphincter dyssynergia. Which of the following is the most beneficial medication treatment?
a. Alpha blocker
b. Beta blocker
A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:
b. chronic pyelonephritis.
c. acute glomerulonephritis.
d. renal calculi.