1. Question : The area of the kidneys that contains the glomeruli and portions of the tubules is called the:
2. Question : During an infection, why do lymph nodes enlarge and become tender?
3. Question : What is the treatment of choice for pernicious anemia (PA)?
4. Question : Which substance is used to correct the chronic anemia associated with chronic renal failure?
5. Question : What is the end-product of protein metabolism that is excreted in urine?
6. Question : What local complication of a gonococcal infection is diagnosed in approximately 10% of affected women?
7. Question : The common hay fever allergy is expressed through a reaction that is mediated by which class of immunoglobulins?
8. Question : Treatment for polycythemia vera involves which of the following?
9. Question : What term is used to identify the movement of fluids and solutes from the tubular lumen to the peritubular capillary plasma?
10. Question : Obesity creates a greater risk for dehydration in people because:
11. Question : Continued therapy of pernicious anemia (PA) generally lasts how long?
12. Question : Which of the following describes how the body compensates for anemia?
13. Question : Which chamber of the heart endures the highest pressures?
14. Question : Which glycoprotein protects against urolithiasis and is a ligand for lymphokines?
15. Question : Research has shown a link between cancer and which sexually transmitted disease?
16. Question : Where are alveolar macrophages found?
17. Question : Which renal change is found in older adults?
18. Question : At birth, which statement is true?
19. Question : When the maternal immune system becomes sensitized against antigens expressed by the fetus, what reaction occurs?
20. Question : What is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide?
21. Question : Where in the lung does gas exchange occur?
22. Question : Hemophilia B is caused by a deficiency of which clotting factor?
23. Question : Aspiration is most likely to occur in the right mainstem bronchus because it:
24. Question : What is the name of the disorder in which levels of bilirubin remain excessively high in the newborn and are deposited in the brain?
25. Question : An infant has a crescendo-decrescendo systolic ejection murmur located between the second and third intercostal spaces along the left sternal border. A wide fixed splitting of the second heart sound is also found. These clinical findings are consistent with which congenital heart defect?
26. Question : Which statement best describes cystic fibrosis?
27. Question : On average, what percent of cardiac output do the kidneys receive?
28. Question : Which blood cells are the chief phagocytes involved in the early inflammation process?
29. Question : Stress-induced sympathetic stimulation of the adrenal medulla causes the secretion of:
30. Question : Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune process involving antibodies attacking which type of cells?
31. Question : A hypersensitivity reaction that produces an allergic response is called:
32. Question : Where are Langerhans cells found?
33. Question : Oxygenated blood flows through which vessel?
34. Question : The ability of the pathogen to invade and multiply in the host is referred to as:
35. Question : Tissue damage caused by the deposition of circulating immune complexes containing an antibody against the host DNA is the cause of which disease?
36. Question : Which immunoglobulin is present in blood, saliva, breast milk, and respiratory secretions?
37. Question : What term is used to describe a hernial protrusion of a saclike cyst that contains meninges, spinal fluid, and a portion of the spinal cord through a defect in a posterior arch of a vertebra?
38. Question : What is the most common predisposing factor to obstructive sleep apnea in children?
39. Question : How does chest wall compliance in an infant differ from that of an adult?
40. Question : Which is an example of an endogenous antigen?
41. Question : What is the most commonly reported symptom of cancer treatment?
42. Question : What period follows depolarization of the myocardium and represents a period during which no new cardiac potential can be propagated?
43. Question : In a full-term infant, the normal erythrocyte life span is _____ days, whereas the adult erythrocyte life span is _____ days.
44. Question : Which vitamin improves the absorption of oral iron taken to treat iron deficiency anemia in children?
45. Question : Which statement is true regarding pain and cancer?
46. Question : Which statement is true regarding maternal antibodies provided to the neonate?
47. Question : What is the anomaly in which the soft bony component of the skull and much of the brain is missing?
48. Question : Bronchiolitis tends to occur during the first years of life and is most often caused by what type of infection?
49. Question : The World Health Organization (WHO) defines grade 1 (overweight) as a BMI of:
50. Question : Why is the herpes virus inaccessible to antibodies after the initial infection?
51. Question : Which structure attaches skeletal muscle to bone?
52. Question : The secretion of adrenocorticotropic-stimulating hormone (ACTH) will result in the increased level of which hormone?
53. Question : What term is used to identify the condition that exists when the urethral meatus is located on the undersurface of the penis?
54. Question : Prolonged high environmental temperatures that produce dehydration, decreased plasma volumes, hypotension, decreased cardiac output, and tachycardia cause which disorder of temperature regulation?
55. Question : The two most important risk factors for type 2 diabetes are:
56. Question : Using a fan to reduce body temperature is an example of which mechanism of heat loss?